Dual Citizenship Law

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The Dual Citizenship Law


Be it enacted by the Senate and the House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:
Section 1. Short Title – This Act shall be known as the “Citizenship Retention and Re-acquisition Act of 2003.”
Section 2. Declaration of Policy – It is hereby declared the policy of the State that all Philippine citizens who become citizens of another country shall be deemed not to have lost their Philippine citizenship under the conditions of this Act.
Section 3. Retention of Philippine Citizenship – Any provision of law to the contrary notwithstanding, natural-born citizens of the Philippines who have lost their Philippine citizenship by reason of their naturalization as citizens of a foreign country are hereby deemed to have re-acquired Philippine citizenship upon taking the following oath of allegiance to the Republic:
“I __________________________, solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines and obey the laws and legal orders promulgated by the duly constituted authorities of the Philippines; and I hereby declare that I recognize and accept the supreme authority of the Philippines and will maintain true faith and allegiance thereto; and that I impose this obligation upon myself voluntarily without mental reservation or purpose of evasion.”
Natural-born citizens of the Philippines who, after the effectivity of this Act, become citizens of a foreign country shall retain their Philippine citizenship upon taking the aforesaid oath.
Section 4. Derivative Citizenship – The unmarried child, whether legitimate, illegitimate or adopted, below eighteen (18) years of age, of those who re-acquire Philippine citizenship upon effectivity of this Act shall be deemed citizens of the Philippines.
Section 5. Civil and Political Rights and Liabilities – Those who retain or re-acquire Philippine citizenship under this Act shall enjoy full civil and political rights and be subject to all attendant liabilities and responsibilities under existing laws of the Philippines and the following conditions:
1) Those intending to exercise their right of suffrage must meet the requirements under Section 1, Article V of the Constitution, Republic Act. No. 9189, otherwise known as “The Overseas Absentee Voting Act of 2003” and other existing laws;
2) Those seeking elective public office in the Philippines shall meet the qualifications for holding such public office as required by the Constitution and existing laws, and, at the time of the filing of the certificate of candidacy, make a personal and sworn renunciation of any and all foreign citizenship before any public officer authorized to administer an oath;
3) Those appointed to any public office shall subscribe and swear to an oath of allegiance to the Republic of the Philippines and its duly constituted authorities prior to their assumption of office: Provided, That they renounce their oath of allegiance to the country where they took that oath;
4) Those intending to practice their profession in the Philippines shall apply with the proper authority for a license or permit to engage in such practice; and
5) That right to vote or be elected or appointed to any public office in the Philippines cannot be exercised by, or extended to, those who:
a. are candidates for or are occupying any public office in the country of which they are naturalized citizens; and/or
b. are in active service as commissioned or non-commissioned officers in the armed forces of the country which they are naturalized citizens.
Section 6. Separability Clause – If any section or provision of this Act is held unconstitutional or invalid, any other section or provision not affected thereby shall remain valid and effective.
Section 7. Repealing Clause – All laws, decrees, orders, rules and regulations inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or modified accordingly.
Section 8. Effecitivity Clause – This Act shall take effect after fifteen (15) days following its publication in the Official Gazette or two (2) newspapers of general circulation.
(Sgd) Jose De Venecia (Sgd) Franklin Drilon
Speaker of the House President of the Senate
Of Representatives

This Act, which is a consolidation of Senate Bill No. 2130 and House Bill No. 4720, was finally passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives on August 25, 2003 and August 26, 2003, respectively.
(Sgd) Roberto P. Nazerno (Sgd) Oscar G. Yabes
Secretary General Secretary of the Senate
House of Representatives
Approved: August 29, 2003

(Sgd) Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
President of the Republic of the Philippines